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Media Coverage: 2004

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Public Access in the Media Archive: 2004

A listing covering Congressional action and the NIH's response-the initial public access proposal:

Open Access: Should scientific articles be available online and free to the public?
Slate Amanda Schaffer
12.14.2004 Access: Open

If you're like most Americans, chances are at some point you've searched online for medical or health-related information. In fact, of Americans with Internet access, more have used the Web to answer health-related queries (66 percent) than to check sports scores (43 percent), hunt for a job (42 percent), or find a date (9 percent), according to the Pew Internet and American Life Project. There is clearly no shortage of medical and pseudomedical information available online. But some physicians and members of Congress have pointed out that much of the best literature, published in prestigious, peer-reviewed journals such as the Journal of the American Medical Association and the New England Journal of Medicine, is not immediately available for free to the public-and they have begun to argue that it should be...

NIH Public Access Policy
Science Elias A. Zerhouni
12.10.2004 Access: Toll

A new National Institutes of Health public access draft policy is raising a tremendous amount of interest in the scientific, patient, and publishing communities. I would like to clarify what the proposed policy is, describe its rationale, and explain why the NIH thinks this is a reasonable, balanced policy that will serve all interests...

Librarians laud Congress, NIH over support for free access plan
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
11.30.2004 Access: Toll

Librarians and fellow supporters of the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) plan to mandate free access to NIH-funded research are celebrating after Congress signaled its support for the NIH policy in its year-end omnibus bill. On November 22, Congress expressed its support via language in the Conference Report accompanying the FY 2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 4818, H Rept 108-792)...

Omnibus conferees support NIH public access publishing plan; NIH asking for time
Washington Fax Shirley Haley
11.29.2004 Access: Toll

The National Institutes of Health is in conversations with congressional committees to extend the timeline on its plan for "Enhanced Public Access to NIH Research Information," NIH Director Elias Zerhouni said...

Fleecing of America: Government, publishers fight over access to medical research
NBC Nightly News Tom Costello
11.28.2004 Access: Open

Julia Blixrud knows her way around scientific libraries and databases. For years, she has been on a nationwide crusade to make medical research, paid for by taxpayers, availableto taxpayers....

NIH Flooded With Comments on Public Access Proposal
Science Jocelyn Kaiser
11.26.2004 Access: Toll

Prodded by Congress, the National Institutes of Health this fall solicited the public's views on a plan that would require NIH-funded investigators' papers to be posted on the Internet 6 months after a journal publishes them. And the public took notice...

NIH head stands firm over plans for open access
Nature Meredith Wadman
11.25.2004 Access: Toll

The director of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has hit back at critics of his proposal for a freely accessible literature archive. In an interview with Nature, Elias Zerhouni accused scientific publishers of floating "doomsday scenarios" in which the archive causes widespread cancellations of journal subscriptions and drives smaller publications out of business...

As comment period closes, academic research leaders meet with NIH's Zerhouni
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
11.18.2004 Access: Toll

On Monday, November 15, the day before the close of the public comment period on the NIH's proposal to offer free access to research it funds, NIH Director Elias Zerhouni met with academic leaders including Mark Kamlet, provost at Carnegie Mellon University, and Rick Johnson, director of SPARC...

NIH comment period on access initiative closes today
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
11.16.2004 Access: Toll

Today marks the official end to the comment period on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) proposal to make research it funds freely available within six months of publication. While it remains unclear what policy the NIH will ultimately adopt, the current proposal has generated a heated debate about the publication of STM research...

Priceless information
Los Angeles Times  
11.06.2004 Access: Gated

The first modern peer-reviewed journal, Philosophical Transactions, was launched by Britain's Royal Society in 1665 with little fanfare and not much more than moral support from the crown, yet it would revolutionize the way scientists shared information. Last week's similarly unheralded debut of the online journal Medicine might be nearly as significant....

Journals resist free access to medical data
Wall Street Journal Bernard
Wysocki Jr.
10.28.2004 Access: Toll

A fight is brewing in the scientific world over whether articles published in expensive scholarly journals ought to be widely available for free on the Internet...

Copywrong? NEJM editorial sparks reaction for NIH
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
10.19.2004 Access: Toll

While a recent New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) editorial threw its support for the objective of the National Institute of Health's proposal to make the research it funds freely available, the authors' comments about the lack of a copyright policy have drawn a quick response from the proposal's supporters...

NIH research: widening access, building collaboration
The Lancet  
10.16.2004 Access: Toll

The debate about opening access to the scientific literature is progressing at an astonishing pace. On Sept 3, the US National Institutes of Health published a statement entitled "Enhanced public access to NIH researchinformation". The agency set out its mission "to share and support public access to the results and accomplishments of the activities that it funds". Then came the punch that has sent some publishers reeling...

Publishing wars
The Lancet Helen Frankish
10.16.2004 Access: Toll

The idea that scientific and medical research should be freely available to all is no longer new. Publishing houses dedicated to this new model ofinformation provision are up and running, and advocates have won widespread support for the movement among scientists. But the debate about whether open access can replace traditional publishing models has become no less heated with time. And recent pledges of support by the US Congress and the UK Science and Technology Committee have only served to fan the flames...

Proposal for Public Archive Draws Support, Criticism
JNCI Cancer Spectrum Kate Travis
10.13.2004 Access: Toll

The National Institutes of Health has announced that it intends to create a publicly accessible archive of all publications of research funded by the agency. Under the proposal, final versions of manuscripts would be made available on PubMed Central, an online archive run by the National Library of Medicine, 6 months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal...

Battle Over NIH Research Steps Up
Library Journal Andrew Albanese
10.01.2004 Access: Open

The battle has escalated over the recent Congressional proposal that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate open access archiving. Some lawmakers have backed off the idea that the proposed NIH policy would actually be implemented soon, instead characterizing the NIH's proposal as the beginning of a process...

Future of the NIH open access policy
Information Today Barbara Quint
10.01.2004 Access: Open

Hallelujah! The day of liberation has come! And only the first of many more, I would predict...Basically, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), funder of at least a quarter of the world's best medical research, will mandate that all grantees and contractors submit electronic copies of finished manuscripts for full-text release through PubMed Central, the National Library of Medicine's popular medical research site. Comments may be e-mailed to through Nov. 2...

The Politicians Weigh In
East Bay Express Will Harper
09.29.2004 Access: Open

In the battle with big business over access to publicly funded research articles, Berkeley scientist Michael Eisen and his Public Library of Science have some unlikely allies: conservative Republicans. Meanwhile, representing the publishing industry against government intervention is Pat Schroeder, a former liberal congresswoman...

Open access would cost NIH roughly $2.5 million, agency’s Lipman estimates
Washington Fax Janet Coleman
09.27.2004 Access: Toll

Preliminary estimates of the cost of offering all NIH-funded research studies on the National Library of Medicines’s PubMed Central digital library are around $2.5 million and not the $100 million some critics have suggested, NLM Director Donald Lindberg, MD, said....

Public access to biomedical research
New England Journal of Medicine Jeffrey Drazen, M.D. and Gregory Curfman, M.D.
09.23.2004 Access: Open

On September 3, 2004, a notice entitled "Enhanced Public Access to NIH Research Information" appeared in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guide. In the notice, the NIH proposes that all publications that arise from NIH-sponsored research be made available free to the public within six months after they have been published. We applaud and endorse this effort...

Public should have free access to research it funds
Tallahassee Democrat Peter Suber
09.21.2004 Access: Open

This fall, Congress will have the chance to accelerate medical research and give taxpayers more value for their money. But the prospect is opposed by an industry that likes things just the way they are...

NAS voices its support for NIH proposal
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
09.21.2004 Access: Toll

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) last week announced its support for the proposed National Institutes of Health (NIH) policy that research supported by NIH be made freely available online within six months of publication through PubMed Central (PMC)...

NIH requires open access for its funded medical research
Information Today Barbara Quint
09.16.2004 Access: Open

After months-if not years, seen from a historical perspective-of dispute, the National Institutes of Health has established a policy mandating open access to the full text of research results from projects it funds. Conservative estimates have placed at least a quarter of the quality medical research done in the world as funded by NIH grants and contracts. Current estimates place the number of documents affected by the new policy as around 60,000 items each year...

NIH proposes 6-month public access to papers
Science Jocelyn Kaiser
09.10.2004 Access: Toll

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has released a draft policy aimed at increasing public access to the results of NIH-funded research. The proposal issued 3 September in the NIH Guide would require grantees to deposit copies of their papers in NIH’s free PubMed Central archive once they have been accepted by a journal. Manuscripts would be posted online 6 months after publication...

Hot Type: NIH proceeds with plan to provide open access to scientific papers
Chronicle of Higher Education Lila Guterman
09.10.2004 Access: Toll

DIGITAL DIVIDE: Recent recommendations by a Congressional committee have shifted the debate over "open access&148;-whether scientific journals ought to be freely available to the public-from trading barbs and sound bites in the press to direct lobbying of the National Institutes of Health, including letter-writing campaigns and meetings with government officials. Three such meetings took place recently at the NIH's headquarters in Bethesda, Md...

Free up medical research; Our Position: Taxpayers deserve to see for free medical research backed by federal dollars
Orlando Sentinel  
09.09.2004 Access: Toll

Americans deserve access to information on medical research they support with taxes. Happily, the government's top research agency proposes to provide it...

Biomedical agency floats open-access plan
Nature Geoff Brumfiel
09.09.2004 Access: Toll

The main biomedical research agency in the United States has issued a plan that would make the results of all research that it supports freely available shortly after their initial publication in the scientific literature...

Policy in Perspective: NIH open access publishing policy receives initial good marks from most stakeholders
Washington Fax Bradie Metheny
09.08.2004 Access: Toll

All research funded by the National Institutes of Health will be made freely available "six months after an NIH-supported research study’s publication -- or sooner if the publisher agrees," under a proposal announced by the agency Sept. 3. The manuscripts would be made available to the public through the Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central...

NIH Invites Comment on Proposal Requiring Free Online Access to Research It Supports
Chronicle of Higher Education Julianne Basinger
09.07.2004 Access: Toll

The National Institutes of Health released a draft proposal late Friday that would require researchers who receive NIH grants to provide the agency with electronic copies of final reports on their study results, which would be posted online in a federal digital archive that is free to all...

NIH proposes free access for public to research data
Washington Post Rick Weiss

Access: Gated

The National Institutes of Health has proposed a major policy change that would require all scientists who receive funding from the agency to make the results of their research available to the public for free...

NIH weighs open access
Chemical & Engineering News Susan Morrissey
09.06.2004 Access: Open

As NIH moves ahead with the formulation of its draft policy to make agency-funded research freely accessible to the public, it held the final two of three meetings designed to give its stakeholders an opportunity to weigh in on the issue...

Scientific Publishing: Zerhouni plans a nudge toward open access
Science Jocelyn Kaiser
09.03.2004 Access: Toll

Hoping to resolve an escalating debate about public access to biomedical research reports, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director Elias Zerhouni consulted with scientists this week and said that he is leaning toward a delay of 6 months after publication before posting grantees' papers on NIH's free Web archive. This plan won't satisfy everyone, he acknowledged, but it is "reasonable."...

Online federal library on health research sparks outcry Danielle Belopotosky
09.03.2004 Access: Open

A battle over a proposal to make taxpayer-funded medical research reports available to the public is brewing on Capitol Hill, pitting some publishers and members of the scientific and medical communities against each other...

Library groups add their voices to NIH chorus
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
09.02.2004 Access: Toll

Already part of a coalition lobbying for open access to NIH-funded research, four library groups this week wrote to NIH director Elias Zerhouni to further voice their support...

Industry News: National Institutes of Health
ALPSP Alert  
09.01.2004 Access: Toll

The NIH in the US has responded promptly to the Appropriations Committee’s recommendation that it should stipulate posting of a copy of every paper reporting NIH-funded research, within 6 months of publication, in PubMed Central (or immediately where publication costs have been supported by NIH)...

A new alliance to support open access
09.01.2004 Access: Open

Access to scientific and medical publications has lagged behind the wide reach of the internet into U.S. homes and institutions, says the Alliance for Taxpayer Access. It argues that subscription barriers limit U.S. taxpayer access to research that has been paid for with public funds. That taxpayer access removes these barriers by making the peer reviewed results of taxpayer-funded research available online, and for no extra charge to the American public...

Publishers protest at NIH
Library Journal Andrew Albanese
09.01.2004 Access: Open

While supporters of open access hailed a proposal by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to make all taxpayer-funded NIH research freely available within six months, representatives of more than 50 publishers visited the NIH offices in early August to voice strong opposition. "This measure caught publishers completely off-guard," said Barbara Meredith, VP of professional and scholarly publishing at the Association of American Publishers (AAP). "This essentially mandates open access without any evidentiary hearings or studies."...

Scientists at NIH open access meeting fear author-pays publishing would hurt young investigators
Washington Fax Andrew Hawkins
08.31.2004 Access: Toll

The NIH draft open access publishing policy will respect and maintain core values of research publication such as peer review and actively support interdisciplinary communities of research, NIH Director Elias Zerhouni said at an Aug. 30 stakeholder meeting for researchers...

Istook will clarify NIH open access publishing language intent on House floor
Washington Fax Andrew Hawkins
08.31.2004 Access: Toll

Rep. Ernest Istook (R-Okla.) plans to engage in a House floor discussion with Appropriations/Labor-HHS Subcommittee Chair Ralph Regula (R-Ohio) in an attempt to clarify language in the Labor/HHS spending bill directing NIH to implement an open access publishing policy for federally funded research, an aide to the Oklahoma lawmaker said Aug.24...

With strongly worded letter to Congress, Nobel winners enter NIH fray
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
08.31.2004 Access: Toll

Calling the House Appropriation Committee's direction to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop an open access policy for its publicly-funded research an "enlightened policy," and a "long overdue reform," 25 Nobel Prize winners have signed a letter to Congress urging support of open access to NIH-funded research...

Scientists want research papers freely available
USA TODAY Dan Vergano
08.30.2004 Access: Open

Twenty-five Nobel Prize-winning scientists today are calling for the government to make all taxpayer-funded research papers freely available...

Open access advocates urge NIH, Congress to adopt free online model
The Blue Sheet  
08.30.2004 Access: Toll

The newly formed Alliance for Taxpayer Access is urging NIH and Congress to ensure federally funded, peer-reviewed research articles are "fully accessible" electronically and at no additional cost to the American public...

NIH open access recommendation spurs heated debate
Library Journal  
08.30.2004 Access: Open

Calling a recent proposal by the National Institutes of Health to mandate open access archiving a "radical new policy" included "at the eleventh hour" by a U.S. House of Representatives Appropriations Subcommittee, the Association of American Publishers (AAP) this week launched a counteroffensive...

Battle lines drawn: libraries, others line up support for NIH
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
08.30.2004 Access: Toll

While publishers united on the opposite side, this week a group of academic libraries and major library organizations joined a coalition to support open access to NIH-funded research...

‘Open Access’ science journals challenge pricey publications
VoA Our World  
08.28.2004 Access: Open

This month, a top publisher of biomedical journals, Cell Press, announced a new policy to allow free, on-line access to articles in its journals beginning one year after they first appear in print...

Group urges open access to tax-payer funded research
American Libraries Online  
08.27.2004 Access: Open

A coalition of 41 organizations-including library associations, patient and health-policy advocates, and other public-interest groups announced August 24 the formation of the Alliance for Taxpayer Access, which will work to make taxpayer-funded medical research accessible to the public...

Changes are being forced in costly journals
Baltimore Sun Julie Bell
08.16.2004 Access: Toll

...But the reach and power of the Internet, rising subscription prices and pressure from patients are forcing changes in the world of scientific publishing. Those changes, advocates say, may end a publisher's paradise, in which knowledge of cutting-edge research is initially available to only those who can afford to subscribe...

PoliSci: Journals torque library budgets
United Press International Dee Ann Divis
08.11.2004 Access: Open

Prices for scientific journals have continued to climb, with package deals by the biggest firms forcing smaller publications off the shelves.

Public representatives call for egalitarian access to published research
Washington Fax Bradie Metheny
08.10.2004 Access: Toll

It's time to drop the cost barrier to research information developed using taxpayer dollars-doled out through the National Institutes Health-and make it available through open access on the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central digital database, advocacy groups argue...

Scientific publishing is having to change rapidly to respond to growing pressure for free access to published research
The Economist  
08.07.2004 Access: Open

...For centuries, printed journals destined for university libraries have been the focus of this publishing activity. The winds of change, though, are sweeping through these quiet and dusty corridors. Because of the internet, cost and distance are no longer barriers to providing the results of research to more than just a restricted and privileged few. This is leading people to ask why those results are not, in fact, freely available to all...

Seeking advice on ‘Open Access,’ NIH gets an earful
Science Jocelyn Kaiser
08.06.2004 Access: Toll

The National Institutes of Health is forging ahead with plans to require that papers from NIH funded research be made freely available. Last week, in a hastily called meeting, NIH director Elias Zerhouni told journal publishers he is not happy with the "status quo" and is under pressure from the public to expand access to research results. He got an earful from scientific societies worried that any mandatory plan will drive their journals under...

National Institutes of Health open access policy planning predates House Directive
Washington Fax Bradie Metheny
08.06.2004 Access: Toll

A draft policy on open access publishing of scientific papers is nearing completion by the National Institutes of Health. The draft will take into consideration the needs of the scientific community, the taxpaying public and NIH's needs for coordinated access to research results. Once finished, the draft policy will be open for public comment...

SPARC: NIH proposal is not a mandate for open access publishing
Library Journal Academic Newswire  
08.05.2004 Access: Toll

Responding to a barrage of criticism from publishers, SPARC Director Rick Johnson defended a National Institutes of Health (NIH) mandate that would require researchers using NIH funds to deposit their papers in an open access archive within six months of publication or do so immediately if NIH funds were used to facilitate publication...

The Web: Patients heal themselves online
United Press International Gene Koprowski
08.04.2004 Access: Open

...From Annapolis to Anaheim, more patients are taking control of their healthcare situations via the Internet. They are searching out information on cancer, heart disease, and other afflictions, and many times, when motivated by their own illness, are finding cutting-edge medical research online their personal physician has not yet received...

PoliSci: House acts on research access
United Press International Dee Ann Divis
08.04.2004 Access: Open

Anger over limits on access to research results, due largely to high publication prices, has risen to the point a federal backlash is brewing.

AAP delegation attends "disturbing meeting" with NIH director [PDF]
AAP Monthly Report  
July/Aug 2004 Access: Open

A delegation of AAP/PSP journal publihers, accompanied by AAP President Pat Schroeder, accepted a last-minute invitation to meet with Dr. Elias Zerhourni, director of the National Institutes of Health, for what he characterized as a "consultative forum" on the issue of "open access"...

NIH research to be open access

The Scientist Paula Park
07.29.2004 Access: Open

National Institutes of Health (NIH) director Elias Zerhouni indicated at a gathering of 43 scientific journal publishers and editors Wednesday (July 28) that eventually all NIH-financed research will be freely available to the public...

Publishers visit NIH to protest free access initiative
Library Journal Andrew Albanese
07.28.2004 Access: Open

While supporters of open access hailed a proposal by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to make all taxpayer-funded NIH research freely available within six months, more than 100 publishers yesterday visited the NIH offices to voice their strong opposition...

National Institutes of Health and publishing community begin to forge a policy for open access publishing
Washington Fax Bradie Metheny
07.28.2004 Access: Toll


American and British lawmakers endorse Open-Access publishing
Chronicle of Higher Education Andrea Foster and Lila Guterman
07.26.2004 Access: Toll

In a double coup for the open-access movement this month, committees of the U.S. Congress and British Parliament recommended that papers resulting from government-financed research be made available free...

Scientific publishing: Congress puts similar heat on NIH
Science Jocelyn Kaiser
07.23.2004 Access: Toll


Open access to US govt work urged
The Scientist Alison McCook
07.21.2004 Access: Open

A US House of Representatives committee has recommended that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) provide free access to all research it funds and asked the NIH to submit a plan by December 1, 2004 for how to implement the new policy in fiscal year 2005...

Open Access publishing language in House Labor/HHS bill stirs controversy
Washington Fax Bradie Metheny
07.20.2004 Access: Toll


Two Plugs for Open Access
ScienceNOW Daniel Clery and Jocelyn Kaiser
07.20.2004 Access: Toll

The nascent "open-access" publishing movement got two high-profile endorsements this week. After a 7-month investigation, the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee urges that papers produced by publicly funded research be put in free repositories soon after publication. And in a surprise move, a U.S. House committee has recommended that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) post its grantees' papers on a free Internet site. Scientific societies and for-profit publishers were stunned by the language, which they say would drive traditional journals out of business...

House committee tells NIH to post research results online and make them free
Chronicle of Higher Education Andrea Foster
07.19.2004 Access: Toll

In a coup for the open-access movement, the Appropriations Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives has recommended that the National Institutes of Health provide the public with free, online access to articles resulting from research it has financed...

A listing of more current ATA-related media reports covers the debate over the NIH proposal, the announced final policy, and the reaction.


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